Backache is often called the "Pain of the century" because so many people suffer from it at least once in their lifetime. It can have numerous causes, depending on the morphology, medical history and activities of each individual. Pain in the back can develop following conditions such as osteoarthritis, a herniated disc, sciatica, acute low back pain, etc. Some of these conditions are chronic, meaning that they are present throughout the individual's life. Others are acute, meaning that they occur following an incorrect movement or excessive physical strain. The spinal column (or spine) has to withstand numerous mechanical and physiological stresses.
The vertebrae have a complex structure: network of ligaments, joint apophyses, intervertebral discs. These allow the spine to fulfil its various roles: mobility of the trunk and head, protection of the spinal cord, circulation of information via nerves that lead from the spinal column to the organs and muscles.
Back pain develops:
Scoliosis is a deformation of the spine in 3 axes: right/left, back/front and twisting of the vertebrae. The whole spine or simply part of it may be affected: thorax, abdomen. It may develop at any age, from birth of a child to bone maturity at puberty. It is more common in girls. Scoliosis causes an abnormal and characteristic posture of the body. In the case of thoracic scoliosis, it is also known as kyphosis or hunchback. Without treatment, scoliosis worsens until the child has finished growing. It leads to respiratory capacity problems and can cause paralysis due to nerve compression. "True" scoliosis must be differentiated from a scoliotic posture (much less serious), which is simply a lateral inclination. In this case, we talk about someone who "slouches".
Orthopaedic solutions for "true" scoliosis (idiopathic scoliosis) necessarily involve major bracing equipment (restrictive corsets) and physiotherapy treatment. The aim is to correct the deformities and promote good muscle strength, guaranteeing growth in the best conditions. Made-to-measure belts are recommended for scoliotic postures developing following osteoporotic damage. Their purpose to is prevent the deformity worsening.
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